Commit b8fd26c4 authored by Ulrich's avatar Ulrich

vortrag

parent 95ce3ff2
This diff is collapsed.
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<ci> or <mtext> node
(*\meta{Numeric expression}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/> or <divide/>
(*\meta{Numeric expression}*)
(*\meta{Unit symbol expressions}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{Numeric Term}*)
<apply>
<divide/>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{Units}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{Units}*)
</apply>
</apply>
</apply>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<apply>
<csymbol cd="Prefix">Prefix</csymbol>
<csymbol cd=(*\meta{PrefixName}*)>(*\meta{PrefixSymbol}*)</csymbol>
<csymbol cd=(*\meta{UnitName}*)>(*\meta{UnitSymbol}*)</csymbol>
</apply>
(*\meta{Numeric Term}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>3.0</cn>
<apply>
<power/>
<cn>10</cn>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>17</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</apply>
<csymbol cd="micro">(*$\mu$*)</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="meter">m</csymbol>
</apply>
<math>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>30</cn>
<csymbol cd="degree">(*°*)</csymbol>
</apply>
</math>
<math>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<cn>30</cn>
<compose/>
</apply>
</math>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
Numeric Term
<compose/>
</apply>
<apply>
<divide/>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>5</cn>
<ci>m</ci>
</apply>
<ci>s</ci>
</apply>
<apply>
<divide/>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{Numeric expression}*)
(*\meta{Unit symbol expressions}*)
</apply>
(*\meta{Unit symbol expressions}*)
</apply>
<math>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>6</cn>
<ci>(*\textit{\textmu}*)</ci>
<mtext>m</mtext>
</apply>
</math>
<math>
<cn>100</cn>
</math>
<span> </span>
<span>km </span>
<span>s</span>
<math>
<apply>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>1</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</math>
<span> </span>
<span>Mpc</span>
<math>
<apply>
<apply>
<minus>
<cn>1</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</math>
<rdf:Description rdf:nodeID="KAT_123">
<kat:annotates rdf:resource=
"http://localhost:3000/content/hep-ph9807232.html#cse(
//*[@id='S2.p5.1'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w36'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w38'])">
</kat:annotates>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<cn>10</cn>
<cn>10</cn>
</apply>
<apply>
<csymbol cd="Prefix">Prefix</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Giga">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="electron volt">eV</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<cn>10</cn>
<cn>10</cn>
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
<csymbol cd="Gauss">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="electron volt">eV</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
</rdf:Description>
<rdf:Description rdf:nodeID="KAT_123">
<kat:annotates rdf:resource=
"http://localhost:3000/content/sample.html#cse(
//*[@id='S2.p5.1'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w36'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w38'])">
</kat:annotates>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>1.42</cn>
<apply>
<csymbol cd="Prefix">Prefix</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Giga">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Hertz">Hz</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>1.42</cn>
<apply>
<times/>
<csymbol cd="Gauss">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Hertz">Hz</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
</rdf:Description>
<apply>
<times/>
<apply>
<ci>(*$\cdot$*)</ci>
<cn>5.0</cn>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<cn>10</cn>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>20</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</apply>
<ci>(*$\mu$*)</ci>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<mtext>m</mtext>
<cn>2</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
<math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">
<semantics>
<mrow>(*\meta{Presentation MathML}*)</mrow>
<annotation-xml>(*\meta{Content MathML}*)</annotation-xml>
<annotation encoding="application/x-tex">
(*\meta{LaTeX code}*)
</annotation>
</semantics>
</math>
<mws:harvest xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"
xmlns:mws="http://search.mathweb.org/ns">
<mws:expr url="http://localhost/sample.html">
Content MathML
</mws:expr>
</mws:harvest>
<p id="id3">
<span class="word" id="id3.w1">We</span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w2"> </span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w3">obtain</span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w4"> </span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w5">a</span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w6"> </span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w7">length</span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w8"> </span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w9">of</span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w10"> </span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w11">6</span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w12">mm</span>
<span class="word" id="id3.w13">.</span>
</p>
<p id="id3">
We obtain a length of 6mm.
</p>
<p id="id3">
We obtain a
length of 6mm.
</p>
<mrow>
<mn>3.0</mn>
<mo>(*$\cdot$*)</mo>
<msup>
<mn>10</mn>
<mrow>
<mo>-</mo>
<mn>17</mn>
</mrow>
</msup>
<mi mathvariant="normal">(*$\mu$*)</mi>
<mi mathvariant="normal">m</mi>
</mrow>
<span>200</span>
<span> </span>
<math>
<ci>(*\textit{\textmu}*)</ci>
</math>
<span>m</span>
<math>
<mn>1500</mn>
<mi aria-label="Volt">V</mi>
</math>
<div role="math" aria-label="1500 Volt">
<math>
<mn>1500</mn>
<mi>V</mi>
</math>
</div>
<div role="math" aria-label="1500 Volt">
<span>1500</span>
<span> </span>
<span>V</span>
</div>
<math>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>1.0</cn>
<apply>
<csymbol>
superscript
</csymbol>
<mtext>Wcm</mtext>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>2</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
<ci>(*\textit{\textmu}*)</ci>
<apply>
<csymbol>
superscript
</csymbol>
<mtext>m</mtext>
<cn>2</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</math>
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<rdf:RDF
xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns"
xmlns:mathml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">
<rdf:Description rdf:about=(*\meta{Identifier}*)>
<rdf:XMLLiteral>
(*\meta{Content MathML}*)
</rdf:XMLLiteral>
</rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<ci> or <mtext> node
(*\meta{Numeric expression}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/> or <divide/>
(*\meta{Numeric expression}*)
(*\meta{Unit symbol expressions}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{mod. Numeric Term}*)
<apply>
<divide/>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{Units}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{Units}*)
</apply>
</apply>
</apply>
<apply>
<power/>
<apply>
<csymbol cd="Prefix">Prefix</csymbol>
<csymbol cd=(*\meta{PrefixName}*)>(*\meta{PrefixSymbol}*)</csymbol>
<csymbol cd=(*\meta{UnitName}*)>(*\meta{UnitSymbol}*)</csymbol>
</apply>
(*\meta{Numeric Term}*)
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>3.0</cn>
<apply>
<power/>
<cn>10</cn>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>17</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</apply>
<csymbol cd="micro">(*$\mu$*)</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="meter">m</csymbol>
</apply>
<math>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>30</cn>
<csymbol cd="degree">(*°*)</csymbol>
</apply>
</math>
<math>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<cn>30</cn>
<compose/>
</apply>
</math>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
Numeric Term
<compose/>
</apply>
<apply>
<divide/>
<apply>
<times/>
(*\meta{Numeric expression}*)
(*\meta{Unit symbol expressions}*)
</apply>
(*\meta{Unit symbol expressions}*)
</apply>
<math>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>6</cn>
<ci>(*\textit{\textmu}*)</ci>
<mtext>m</mtext>
</apply>
</math>
<math>
<cn>100</cn>
</math>
<span> </span>
<span>km </span>
<span>s</span>
<math>
<apply>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>1</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</math>
<span> </span>
<span>Mpc</span>
<math>
<apply>
<apply>
<minus>
<cn>1</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</math>
<rdf:Description rdf:nodeID="KAT_123">
<kat:annotates rdf:resource=
"http://localhost:3000/content/hep-ph9807232.html#cse(
//*[@id='S2.p5.1'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w36'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w38'])">
</kat:annotates>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<apply>
<power/>
<cn>10</cn>
<cn>10</cn>
</apply>
<apply>
<csymbol cd="Prefix">Prefix</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Giga">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="electron volt">eV</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<apply>
<power>
<cn>10</cn>
<cn>10</cn>
</apply>
<apply>
<times/>
<csymbol cd="Gauss">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="electron volt">eV</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
</rdf:Description>
<rdf:Description rdf:nodeID="KAT_123">
<kat:annotates rdf:resource=
"http://localhost:3000/content/sample.html#cse(
//*[@id='S2.p5.1'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w36'],
//*[@id='S2.p5.1.w38'])">
</kat:annotates>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>1.42</cn>
<apply>
<csymbol cd="Prefix">Prefix</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Giga">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Hertz">Hz</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
<kat:contentmathml rdf:parseType="Literal">
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>1.42</cn>
<apply>
<times/>
<csymbol cd="Gauss">G</csymbol>
<csymbol cd="Hertz">Hz</csymbol>
</apply>
</apply>
</kat:contentmathml>
</rdf:Description>
<apply>
<times/>
<apply>
<ci>(*$\cdot$*)</ci>
<cn>5.0</cn>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<cn>10</cn>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>20</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</apply>
<ci>(*$\mu$*)</ci>
<apply>
<csymbol>superscript</csymbol>
<mtext>m</mtext>
<cn>2</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
<math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">
<semantics>
<mrow>(*\meta{Presentation MathML}*)</mrow>
<annotation-xml>(*\meta{Content MathML}*)</annotation-xml>
<annotation encoding="application/x-tex">
(*\meta{LaTeX code}*)
</annotation>
</semantics>
</math>
<mws:harvest xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"
xmlns:mws="http://search.mathweb.org/ns">
<mws:expr url="http://localhost/sample.html">
Content MathML
</mws:expr>
</mws:harvest>
<mrow>
<mn>3.0</mn>
<mo>(*$\cdot$*)</mo>
<msup>
<mn>10</mn>
<mrow>
<mo>-</mo>
<mn>17</mn>
</mrow>
</msup>
<mi mathvariant="normal">(*$\mu$*)</mi>
<mi mathvariant="normal">m</mi>
</mrow>
<span>200</span>
<span> </span>
<math>
<ci>(*\textit{\textmu}*)</ci>
</math>
<span>m</span>
<math>
<mn>1500</mn>
<mi aria-label="Volt">V</mi>
</math>
<div role="math" aria-label="1500 Volt">
<math>
<mn>1500</mn>
<mi>V</mi>
</math>
</div>
<div role="math" aria-label="1500 Volt">
<span>1500</span>
<span> </span>
<span>V</span>
</div>
<math>
<apply>
<times/>
<cn>1.0</cn>
<apply>
<csymbol>
superscript
</csymbol>
<mtext>Wcm</mtext>
<apply>
<minus/>
<cn>2</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
<ci>(*\textit{\textmu}*)</ci>
<apply>
<csymbol>
superscript
</csymbol>
<mtext>m</mtext>
<cn>2</cn>
</apply>
</apply>
</math>
<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<rdf:RDF
xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns"
xmlns:mathml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML">
<rdf:Description rdf:about=(*\meta{Identifier}*)>
<rdf:XMLLiteral>
(*\meta{Content MathML}*)
</rdf:XMLLiteral>
</rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
......@@ -102,14 +102,12 @@ the author's repository\footnote{\url{https://gl.kwarc.info/urabenstein/Semantic
\subsection{Semantics for Screen Readers}
\label{ssec:implscreen}
The author collaborated with Daniel Hajas, the founder of Grapheel --
an initiative for better access to STEM documents for visually impaired people --,
an initiative for better access to STEM documents for visually impaired people,
to investigate methods to improve the output of screen reading programs
with semantic information.
\newpage
\subsubsection{Motivation}
In a joint report\ednote{How do I cite this?}, Daniel Hajas explains that
In a joint report~\cite{qescreenreaders}, Daniel Hajas explains that
``access to Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) information can
be particularly challenging for visually impaired people. The routes of the
challenges are
......
......@@ -447,7 +447,7 @@ at the end:
\subsubsection{Format of the Annotations} \label{sssec:output}
\begin{figure}
\begin{figure}
\begin{mdframed}
\includegraphics[scale=0.34]{screenshots/KAT.png}
\end{mdframed}
......@@ -455,12 +455,13 @@ at the end:
\label{fig:KATEntryExample}
\end{figure}
\begin{figure} \lstinputlisting[language=XML,
frame=single]{xml/katExample.xml} \centering \caption{An Example of
an KAT Entry for the Quantity Expression \mq{$10^{10}\; \rm GeV$} in~\cite{hep-ph/9807232}. The URL was
a KAT Entry for the Quantity Expression \mq{$10^{10}\; \rm GeV$} in~\cite{hep-ph/9807232}. The URL was
decoded for this example.} \label{fig:EntryExample}
\end{figure}
The spotted quantity expressions are stored in a RDF-based
format~\cite{RDFPrime} suitable for the annotation tool KAT (compare Section~\ref{ssec:kat}).
Figure~\ref{fig:KATEntryExample}
......@@ -472,7 +473,12 @@ at the end:
This section gives only a
very brief introduction to the format and points to the references
for details.